Despite the advances in medicine in recent years, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide, from affect only the richest nations also include developing countries, where is responsible for 80% of deaths.
This changing trend and the unstoppable pandemic posed by these diseases made in 2010, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (IOM), a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting health based on scientific evidence, convene a group of international experts in cardiovascular medicine, led by the CEO of the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Dr. Valentin Fuster. The goal: to develop recommendations to promote cardiovascular health in developing countries.
Four years later, Scientific American, collected in a special presented at the CNIC with the assistance of the Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality, Ana Mato, the general secretary of Health, Pilar Farjas and the Secretary of State Research, Development and Innovation, Carmen Vela-12 points resulting from that working group, with concrete examples of how to apply successfully.
This special issue of the journal veteran is coordinated by Dr. Fuster and he also write the associate dean of Global Health at Mount Sinai Hospital, Dr. Jagat Narula, Professor of Cardiology at the center and coordinator of a project control of hypertension in Kenya, Dr. Rajesh Vedanthan report and the director of 2010 and member of the IOM in Global Health, Dr. Bridget B. Kelly.
“Cardiovascular diseases are reaching epic proportions in developing countries. However, these chronic diseases remain the least funded global health. To achieve such control these devastating diseases and reduce the significant economic impact, we need more funding and better coordination across the planet, “says Dr. Fuster.
“We must work together on a global level and promote greater commitment to invest more in the cardiovascular health of individuals, to save more lives and reduce the burden of these very debilitating diseases, while also diminish unsustainable and increasingly high economic costs arising from the care of chronic patients of these diseases, many of which are preventable, “the coordinator of this special edition of Scientific American, which can be downloaded for free at http://www.scientificamerican.com/products/cardiovascular-health.
This special issue, the first of its kind, offers, according to Dr. Fuster, “a comprehensive roadmap” to improve cardiovascular health “and demonstrate why it is so important to promote it right now and how further is possible to succeed in this task, also explains the director of the Cardiovascular Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital and Physician-in-Chief of the same center.
The authors of the publication makes it clear that there are numerous factors involved in the epidemic of cardiovascular disease, from lifestyle to genetic predisposition, not to mention cardiovascular risk factors known as hypertension, sedentary lifestyle and smoking , among others. However, each of these factors may be exacerbated by social components such as poverty, war and the own cultural inequalities.
Experts led by Spanish cardiologist have developed 12 recipes that are effective in promoting cardiovascular health and, as you can read in the journal, are already applied successfully in different countries.
The 12 recommendations to promote cardiovascular health
- Recognize chronic diseases as a priority for development assistance.
- Advocate and support chronic disease as a funding priority.
- Improve national coordination for chronic diseases.
- Implement policies to promote cardiovascular health.
- Include chronic diseases and strengthen health systems.
- Improve access to diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases, medicines and technology, paying attention where needed.
- Policies and collaborative programs to improve diet.
- Improving information and local data.
- Defining resource requirements.
- Investigate to assess what works in different contexts.
- Disseminate knowledge and innovation among similar countries.
- Global progress Report.